Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases that affect how much sugar (glucose) is in the blood, or can be defined; it is a condition that impairs the body’s ability to process blood glucose. Humans have a “sweet tooth,” and processed foods have lots of sugar to make them tastier; over consumption of processed food has lead to this epidemic. A blood sugar level of less than 140 mg/dL considers normal.
There are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be control and prevent by dietary practices and regular exercise, because Type 2 diabetes is an acquired disorder. But, note that Type 1 diabetes can’t control through diet modifications because it is an autoimmune disorder.
First, you have to understand the different forms of diabetes.
1.Type-1 Diabetes (T1D): Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, usually appearing when a person is relatively young; therefore, it is also called Juvenile Diabetes. It is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
• In Type-1 Diabetes, specific cells in the pancreas, the beta cells, are destroy because beta cells make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps move sugar or glucose into your body’s tissue. In T1D, the body can no longer produce insulin and no longer control blood sugar level; hence, your cells starve. It causes a high blood sugar level. People with Type 1 Diabetes have to take insulin their whole lives.
2.Type-2Diabetes (T2D): Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 also called adult-onset diabetes.
o Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how the body processes blood sugar (glucose). With T2D, the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it resists insulin. Diet, genetics, and environmental factors play an essential role in the development of T2D. In Type-2 diabetes blood, sugar level can control through diet, medication, supplemental insulin.
Method 1 of 3
Control Diabetes with Medication or diagnosis:
• Look for the Symptoms: The most common symptoms are
o Extreme Thirst, increased hunger ( especially after eating ), frequent Urination, weight gain or unexpected weight loss, blurry or changed vision, increased appetite, upset stomach and vomiting.
o Frequent infections of your skin, urinary tract or vagina, crankiness or mood changes, heavy, labored breathing, loss of consciousness.
• Consult your Doctor: Diabetes affect a person’s blood sugar level and can require various treatment. It can diagnose by several specific blood tests that measure how well you handle sugar. Tell your doctor about your symptoms; in need, the doctor will test your blood. Tests include taking blood before and after the meal or after ingesting a pre-set amount of glucose.
o If you diagnose diabetes, you should let your doctor know how you changed your diet to improve blood sugar levels.
o Get regular check-ups, including blood tests.
• Medications: Doctors usually prescribe Anti-diabetic, Anticoagulant, Statin, and Insulin for Type 2 diabetes.
o Anti-diabetic: Anti-diabetic medication controls the amount of sugar in the blood; a doctor generally prescribes metformin for T2D. Sulfonylureas are the oldest medications used that stimulate insulin secretion.
o Statin: It decreases the liver production of harmful cholesterol.
o Insulin: It maintain blood sugar levels.
Method 2 of 3
Control Diabetes through Diet :
• Take your dietician advice: Diet is crucial to control diabetes, carefully managing the types and amount of food allows you to eat and manage your blood sugar level, which has a direct effect on the severity of your diabetes. Every resource should depend on your age, size, activity level, Genetics, and conditions.
• Eat low-calorie, High Nutrition diet: People with Diabetes are generally encourage to eat diets that provide as many essential nutrients. Foods that are nutrient-dense and low calorie can make up a good portion of a healthy diet.
o Low calories – high nutrients foods are meat, egg, chicken breast, fish, salmon, seafood, potatoes, cucumbers, spinach, mushrooms, beans, and strawberries in fruits. These foods ensure you remain at a healthy weight.
• Eat Fiber-Rich Food: Fiber-Rich sources are the right choice for diabetes patients. Vegetables like broccoli, green beans, artichokes, and fruits like banana, raspberries, pears, apples, whole grains, and legumes are rich in fiber nutrients, mostly indigestible. It provides various health benefits, and it helps to control hunger and make it easier to eat healthier food.
• Eat a lean Protein source: Protein is a healthy source of energy and muscle- building nutrition. Some are load with fat, choose low fat – high nutrients lean protein sources like Egg fork, fish, red meat, dairy products, beans, skinless white meat chicken.
• Eat “good” fat and avoid “bad “fat :
o Mono and polyunsaturated fats are good fats, including most nuts like almonds, cashew, and pecans.
o Avoid saturated or bad fat such as cream, ice cream, butter, cheese, chocolate, snack, fried foods, fatty meats such as beef and sausage.
Method 3 of 3
Control diabetes by exercise and reducing stress
• Maintain blood sugar level through exercise: Diabetic patient should try hard to be physically fit. Physical activity can lower the body’s glucose level. Exercise after eating is a valuable tool that uses sugar naturally and allows people with diabetes at manageable levels. Do exercise three to four times in a week.
o Various Yoga posture, cycling, walking, swimming, Dancing, weight lifting, these are the activities that help to maintain sugar level in blood.
• Minimize stress: Whether the cause is mental or physical, stress causes blood sugar levels to fluctuate, which means you may need to use more medication or exercise more frequently to stay healthy and getting enough sleep.
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